Worldwatch Paper #167: Sustainable Development for the Second World: Ukraine and the Nations in Transition
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Author: Viktor Vovk
Publication Date: Sept. 2003
The 27 nations of the Second World—the former Soviet Union and its Central and Eastern European satellites—are undergoing a wrenching transition following the collapse of communism. The process is complicated by the history and legacy of communist rule, including severe economic, governance, and environmental problems. In some of these countries, such as Ukraine, the upheaval has led to a period of predatory capitalism and declining living standards. But the same turmoil offers an opportunity to change course and institute reform according to the principles of sustainable development—the only path that can lead to the twin goals of long-term human and environmental wellbeing.