Mixed Progress in Reaching Millennium Development Goals
According to the World Bank, less than one-fifth of all countries arecurrently on target to reduce child and maternal mortality and provideaccess to water and sanitation, while even fewer are on course tocontain HIV, malaria, and other major diseases slated for reductionunder the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
While some countries and regions have made significant gains in povertyreduction and the world as a whole is generally believed to be on trackfor meeting the MDG targets set for poverty reduction and clean drinkingwater, the situation is less hopeful for the other goals and targets,including those on hunger, primary education, child mortality, andaccess to sanitation.
The World Health Organization estimates that to sustain a public healthsystem, a minimum of $30-40 per person is necessary, but in the world'spoorest countries, where GPD per capita is typically in the lowhundreds, even this rather modest level of spending will be impossiblewithout outside investment. In 2003, donor countries gave $68 billion inofficial development assistance, or just 0.25 percent of their grossnational incomes, far short of the 0.7 percent of national income goalthat was initially adopted at the 1970 U.N. General Assembly and broadlyreaffirmed in 2002 at major international conferences. Only fivecountries have met the 0.7 percent target so far: Denmark, Luxembourg,the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden.
"Greater Effort Needed to Achieve the MDGs," in Vital Signs 2005, pp. 108-109
United Nations Millennium Development Goals,http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/