Natural Disasters & Peacemaking Network
Follow the links below to find out who the leaders are in the fields of disaster prevention, environmental restoration, and conflict resolution.
- Related Portals
- Human Rights and Human Security
- Disaster Relief and Development
- Natural Disaster Trends
Environment, Conflict, and Cooperation Platform: Developed by Adelphi Research and Germanwatch, the ECC Web site functions as a clearinghouse and platform of exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation. It aims to foster sustainable peace by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, economic, environment, foreign, and security communities worldwide. One section of thesite focuses on Climate and Disasters. In addition to the Web portal, a bi-monthly newsletter provides information on political initiatives, new publications, and events. In addition, a series of events involving German NGOs on "environment and resource conflicts" and "environmental cooperation and peace building" will be organized jointly with Germanwatch over the next three years in Germany.
Disaster Diplomacy: This site is built on the argument that disaster-related activities can act as a catalyst for diplomacy between countries that are otherwise hostile to each other. It presents abstracts or summaries of relevant publications; a number of case studies examining the connections between disasters and conflict dynamics and resolution; and timeliness. The site also entails proposals for additional research, and invites feedback.
Ashoka’s Changemakers: This page presents a collection of key links to Internet sites and resources concerned with disaster trends, prevention, mitigation, and recovery, as well as the connections between disasters and security.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Crisis Prevention and Recovery, Disaster Reduction Unit: Works to achieve a sustainable reduction in disaster risk and sustainable recovery from disaster by strengthening national and regional capacities. This involves ensuring that disaster risk considerations are factored into all new development, that disaster impact is mitigated and development gains protected and also that risk reduction is factored into rapid disaster recovery. UNDP has been a key player in the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN):
- Latest News on Disasters, at www.irinnews.org/frontpage.asp?SelectTheme=Natural_Disasters.
- Disaster Reduction and the Human Cost of Disaster, at www.irinnews.org/webspecials/DR/47336.asp.
ReliefWeb: ReliefWeb is administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Launched in 1996, it is the world’s leading on-line gateway to information (documents and maps) on humanitarian emergencies and disasters.
Philippe Le Billon: Liu Institute for Global Issues and Dept. of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Among a variety of projects, Dr. LeBillon is assessing internal political and social dynamics in Aceh and Sri Lanka in the wake of the 2004 tsunami. This work is based on a review of relevant literature and field research. http://www.geog.ubc.ca/~lebillon/
Rakhi Bhavnani: Specializes in disasters and post-disaster redevelopment. Harvard University PhD Thesis on “Natural Disaster Conflicts,” February 2006. Summary available at www.disasterdiplomacy.org/bhavnanisummary.pdf. http://www.rakhibhavnani.com/
Mark Pelling: Dept. of Geography, King's College. Conducted a 12-month project looking at the political space opened up by natural disasters and subsequent relief work. http://www.kcl.ac.uk/schools/sspp/geography/people/acad/pelling
Peter Bauman, Gazala Paul, and Mengistu Ayalew: Field report: “Comparative Analysis of the Impact of Tsunami and Tsunami Interventions on Conflict in Sri Lanka and Aceh/Indonesia.” Report at web.mit.edu/cis/www/migration/pubs/rrwp/34_tsunami.pdf or web.mit.edu/cis/www/migration/pubs/rrwp/34_tsunami.doc (supported by the Mellon-MIT Inter-University Program on Non-Governmental Organizations and Forced Migrations).
Community-Based Preparedness: A blog advocating development of a sustainable Community-Based Participatory Framework for Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States. http://community-based-response.blogspot.com/
Fletcher School for Law and Diplomacy (and Center for the Study of Civil War, PRIO):
Online Course in disasters and conflict (principally with UN practitioners based in a range of countries), and ongoing research on disasters and conflict, jointly with the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). http://fletcher.tufts.edu/phd/students/Meier.html
East-West Center Aceh Study Group includes a number of scholars who have published analyses of the Aceh conflict. http://www.eastwestcenterwashington.org
The Crisis Management Initiative in Helsinki, headed by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, facilitated successful peace negotiations between the Indonesian government and GAM rebels after the December 2004 tsunami. http://www.cmi.fi
The Centre for Policy Alternatives is working on Sri Lanka's peace process and post-tsunami environment. http://www.cplanka.org
The Council on Foreign Relations in New York maintains an extensive "Background Q&A" on "India-Pakistan: Peace After the Earthquake?" and on "The Aceh Peace Agreement". http://www.cfr.org
Human Rights and Human Security
The International Crisis Group has prepared an in-depth report assessing the prospects for peace in Aceh. http://www.crisisgroup.org
The Global IDP Project reports about the challenges faced by people in Aceh and Sri Lanka who are internally displaced either because conflict or due to the tsunami. http://www.idpproject.org/about_the_database.htm
The Indonesian Forum for Environment, or WALHI is the Indonesian branch of Friends of the Earth. WALHI has 438 member organisations, representing a broad spectrum of environmental, social and developmental issues. WALHI works on disaster management, water, pollution, and energy issues. http://www.eng.walhi.or.id
The Center for Environmental Justice, based in Sri Lanka, advocates for effective environmental governance, promotes sustainable development and environmentally responsible neighborhoods, and promotes environmental equity and justice. http://www.ejustice.lk
Environmental Change and Security Project at the Wilson Center.
Disaster Relief and Development
The UN Office of the Special Envoy for Tsunami Recovery coordinates former US President Clinton's efforts to promote coordination and transparency in tsunami relief efforts, while advocating for governments to pursue better and safer development. http://www.tsunamispecialenvoy.org
Natural Disaster Trends
Members of the geo risks group at Munich Re collect data on natural hazards, which they use to assess disaster risk and associated economic losses around the world. http://www.munichre.com
The Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters monitors a wide range of natural disasters, recording important information, such as the number of people affected by a disaster, and providing a wide range of related statistics. http://www.cred.be