Human Rights Principles Have Been Ignored in the Response to the December 2004 Tsunami
Based on extensive field research undertaken in November 2005, Actionaid International, an NGO headquartered in South Africa, presents the following key findings:
- People in coastal areas have been removed from newly declared buffer zones, in a move that jeopardizes their livelihoods. People in need of new housing have often been pushed aside in favor of commercial interests.
- Living conditions in temporary shelters are generally far below UN standards, with shoddy construction, overcrowding, lack of toilets and running water being key problems.
- Compensation for those who have lost their livelihoods has been inadequate and uneven. Women and migrant workers have been rendered particularly vulnerable.
- Relief and rehabilitation efforts have been gender insensitive, and women are routinely excluded from decision-making.
- Deep-rooted inequalities based on caste, class, gender, nationality, and ethnicity have been magnified.