Author Biographies - State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future

State of the World 2007 - Our Urban Future
State of the World 2007 Home Page

-Christopher Flavin
President, Worldwatch Institute
Washington, DC

As President of the Worldwatch Institute, Mr. Flavin is active in international policy circles and has participated in several historic international conferences, including the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and the Climate Change Conference in Kyoto Japan in 1997. More recently, Mr. Flavin delivered a plenary speech to 5,000 delegates at the 18th World Petroleum Congress in Johannesburg and brought together technology, policy and business leaders in the San Francisco Bay Area to discuss strategies for ramping up the use of clean energy technologies. He also spoke alongside German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer at the launch of State of the World 2005 in Berlin on the vital role of sustainable development in achieving global security. His work has been featured in various Worldwatch publications as well as The New York Times, Technology Review, The Harvard International Review, and TIME.

-Anna Tibaijuka
Executive Director, UN-HABITAT
Nairobi, Kenya

Mrs. Tibaijuka, who holds a Doctorate of Science in Agricultural Economics, has led UN-HABITAT, the United Nations human settlements agency since 2000. She has re-organized the agency, made it more accountable to donors, and doubled the organization’s core budget. She is focusing UN-HABITAT on Target 11 of the Millennium Development Goals: improving the lives of 100 million slum dwellers by 2020. In June 2005, Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed her as Special Envoy to study the Zimbabwean Government's forced evictions of slum dwellers. A Tanzanian and the highest ranking African woman in the United Nations, she founded the independent Tanzanian National Women's Council (known by its Swahili acronym, BAWATA), as well as the Barbro Johansson Girls Education Trust, which promotes education for girls in Africa. She speaks English, Swahili, Haya, Swedish and some French, and has published five books and many articles.

-Jaime Lerner
Former Governor of Paraná, and Former Mayor of Curitiba
Curitiba, Brazil

An architect and urban planner, Mr. Lerner served three terms as Mayor of Curitiba, Brazil (1971-75, 1979-83 and 1989-92), initiating an integrated bus rapid transit system that has inspired imitation worldwide. The advances his administration made in urban planning and social programs helped raise the city’s quality of life. In two terms as Governor of Paraná (1995-98 and1999-2002), he implemented a comprehensive program for transportation, land use, sanitation, health, education, recreation, and culture. Mr. Lerner is an Urban and Regional Planning professor at the Federal University of Paraná, as well as United Nations consultant in urban planning. He has developed plans and master plans for many cities in Brazil, including Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Recife, Salvador, Aracaju, Natal, Goiânia, Campo Grande and Niterói, and has consulted on cities worldwide, including Caracas, Shanghai, Havana, and Seoul.  From 2002 to 2005 he was the president of the International Union of Architects. Among his many awards are the 1990 United Nations Environment Award, the 1996 UNICEF Children and Peace Award; The Netherlands Prince Claus Award for Culture and Development in 2000; the World Technology Award from the National Museum of Science and Industry (London), in 2001, the UIA 2002 Sir Robert Matthew for Improvement in the Quality of Human Settlements, and the Volvo Environment Prize in 2004.

Chapter 1: An Urbanizing World
-Kai N. Lee
Rosenburg Professor of Environmental Studies at Williams College
Williamstown, Massachusetts, US

Professor Lee serves on the Water Science and Technology Board at the National Academies. He was chair of the Committee on Long-Term Institutional Management of DOE Legacy Waste Sites at the National Research Council, 2001-03, and was the Director of the Center for Environmental Studies at Williams College from 1991 to 1998.  He will become a program officer in the conservation and science program at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation in June 2007.

Timbuktu, Mali: Greening the Hinterlands
-Charles Benjamin
Class of 1946 Visiting Professor of International Environmental Studies & Environmental Policy, Williams College
Williamstown, Massachusetts, US

Aly Bocoum
Coordinator, Natural Resource Management and. Development Project, Near East Foundation
Douentza, Mali

Aly Bacha Konaté,
Coordinator, Réseau GDRN5, a network of NGOs involved in natural resource management
Sévaré, Région de Mopti, Mali

Loja, Ecuador: Ecological and Healthy City
-Rob Crauderoff
Sustainable Alternatives Coordinator, Sustainable South Bronx
New York, US

Chapter 2: Providing Clean Water and Sanitation
-David Satterthwaite
Senior Fellow, Human Settlements Group
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK

Dr. Satterthwaite edits the journal Environment and Urbanization, which solicits stories from Africa, Asia, and Latin America, and teaches at University of London and the London School of Economics. He co-authored the books Squatter Citizen and Environmental Problems in an Urbanizing World, and compiled and edited The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Cities  In 2004, he won the Volvo Environment Prize for his service to environment and human development. He has recently written papers on water and sanitation for the Human Development Report, for UN-HABITAT, and for the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative council.

-Gordon McGranahan 
Director, Human Settlements Group
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK

Dr. McGranahan works on public-private partnerships for water, demand-side management, air pollution and health, Local Agenda 21s, and reconciling the 'brown' agenda of urban environmental health with the 'green' agenda of ecological sustainability. He trained as an economist, directed the Stockholm Environment Institute’s Urban Environment Programme, and led a comparative study of local environmental problems in Accra, Jakarta, Port Elizabeth and Sao Paulo. He has published widely, and was lead author of The Citizens at Risk: From Urban Sanitation to Sustainable Cities

Lagos, Nigeria: Collapsing Infrastructure
-Ayodeji Olukoju
University of Lagos
Lagos, Nigeria

Chapter 3: Farming the Cities
-Brian Halweil
Senior Researcher, Worldwatch Institute
Sag Harbor, NY, US

Mr. Halweil wrote the book Eat Here: Reclaiming Homegrown Pleasures in a Global Supermarket. He has testified before the U.S. Senate, and written for the New York Times, L.A. Times, Washington Post, and Christian Science Monitor. He works with the organization Slow Food to promote locally-grown produce, and works with his wife to tend a garden and orchard. Before joining Worldwatch, he set up community-supported farms and organic farms and orchards throughout California, assisted farmers in shifting from chemical agriculture to organic, and established a student-run organic farm at Stanford University.

-Danielle Nierenberg
Research Associate, Worldwatch Institute
Washington, DC, US

Ms. Nierenberg wrote the Worldwatch Papers, Happier Meals: Rethinking the Global Meat Industry, and Correcting Gender Myopia: Gender Equity, Women’s Welfare, and the Environment. Her work has been highlighted in the International Herald Tribune, on BBC Radio 4, the BBC Newshour, on OneWorld and UN Wire. She works with the nonprofit Earth Sangha to restore local forests and plant trees in the Washington, DC area. She lived in a slum in the most densely populated city in the Dominican Republic as a Peace Corps volunteer.

Freetown: Urban Farms After a War
-Thomas R.A. Winnebah
Lecturer, Njala University
Freetown, Sierra Leone

-Olufunke Cofie
Research Scientist, International Water Management Institute
Accra, Ghana

Chapter 4: Greening Urban Transportation
-Peter Newman
Professor of City Policy and Director of the Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia

Professor Newman and his colleague Jeffrey Kenworthy have compiled a set of transportation statistics in cities around the world, which they have used in Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence and other books. Peter has worked at all levels of government in Australia, and was made a Sustainability Commissioner in 2004, advising the government on planning issues. He has a Fulbright to work at University of Virginia in 2006-07, where he will be revising Sustainability and Cities.

-Jeff Kenworthy – Greening Urban Transportation
Associate Professor in Sustainable Settlements, Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia

Professor Kenworthy does comparative urban research, consulting and policy work on these topics: traffic engineering, private and public transport, urban planning and design, housing and energy.  He has worked with the Department of Planning and Urban Development and Department of Premier and Cabinet in Western Australia. In addition to co-authoring books with Peter Newman, as mentioned above, he was lead author of An International Sourcebook of Automobile Dependence in Cities, 1960-1990

Los Angeles, United States: End of Sprawl
-Dana Cuff
Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Design, University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA, US

Dr. Cuff researches affordable housing, modernism, and the politics of place. Her book The Provisional City: Los Angeles Stories of Architecture and Urbanism (MIT 2000)
examined five case studies of large housing developments to reveal the links between architecture and issues of race, class, urban design, geography, and political ideology.

Melbourne, Australia: Reducing a City’s Carbon Emissions
-The Honorable Tom Roper
Former Minister, Victoria Government, Australia

Mr. Roper, Project Director of the Small Island States Energy Initiative for the Climate Institute in Washington, DC, served for more than two decades as a Member of Parliament in the State of Victoria, Australia, including as Leader of Government Business, and for more than a decade as a Senior Government Minister with portfolios such as Treasury, Planning and Environment, Health, Transport, Employment and Higher Education, and Aboriginal Affairs. He has written on “greening” the Olympics and other major events in the world’s cities in Global Urban Development magazine

Chapter 5: Energizing Cities
-Janet L. Sawin
Senior Researcher and Director, Energy and Climate Change Program, Worldwatch Institute
Washington, DC, US

As an adviser to the Chinese government, Dr. Sawin helped influence China’s renewable energy law that went into effect in January 2006. Her paper for the German government for the first major international renewable energy conference in decades, Renewables 2004, appeared in an Earthscan book released in October 2006. Her work has been cited extensively, including in the recent U.S. Department of Energy report, Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries. She spent a summer in Djibouti, East Africa, initiating solar energy projects. She currently serves on the Steering Committee for the US Department of Energy/ American Wind Energy Association National Wind Action Plan. Her PhD thesis focused on renewable energy policies.

-Kristen Hughes
Research Associate, University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
Newark, Delaware, US

Ms. Hughes was Deputy Director of Presidential Writers at the White House until environmental concerns led her to leave in 2002 to get a Ph.D. in renewable energy. Her papers include “Urban Choices in the Greenhouse” for the International Solar Cities Conference in November 2004 and a chapter in the 2005 edition of Advances in Solar Energy, both with co-author John Byrne. She served as a reviewer for the journal Energy Policy in 2005.

Rizhao, China: Solar-Powered City
-Xuemei Bai
Scientist, Urban Systems Program, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organization
Canberra, Australia

Dr. Bai’s publications include an article co-authed with P. Shi, “Pollution Control in China’s Huai Basin: What Lessons for Sustainability?” Environment 48(7):22-38, 2006, and “The Process and Mechanism of Urban Environmental Change: An Evolutionary View,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 19(5):528-541. She is also the guest editor of
the Special Issue on Global Impacts of Cities of the Journal of Industrial Ecology, March 2007.

Malmö, Sweden: Building a Green Future
-Ivana Kildsgaard
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
and Executive Director, Worldwatch Institute Norden
Stockholm, Sweden

Chapter 6: Reducing Natural Disaster Risk in Cities
-Zoë Chafe
Staff Researcher, Worldwatch Institute
Washington, DC, US

Ms. Chafe co-authored "Turning Disasters into Peacemaking Opportunities," in State of the World 2006, and recently contributed to Worldchanging: A Users Guide to the 21st Century She coordinates Worldwatch University, the Institute’s youth outreach initiative, and served on the steering committee of SustainUS, the US Youth Network for Sustainable Development. She previously worked at the Center on Ecotourism and Sustainable Development, the Centre for Science and Environment, in New Delhi, the United States Forest Service, and the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory. She has investigated ecotourism and environmental education in Madagascar and South Africa.

Jakarta, Indonesia: River Management
-Biko Nagara
Researcher, International Policy Studies, Stanford University
Stanford, CA, US

Mumbai, India: Policing by the People
-Kalpana Sharma
Deputy Editor, The Hindu
Mumbai, India

Ms. Sharma, a journalist since 1972, is the author of Rediscovering Dharavi: Stories from Asia’s Largest Slum For her column “The Other Half,” which first appeared in The Indian Express, and then moved to The Hindu, where she is Deputy Editor, she was awarded the Chameli Devi Jain Award for an Outstanding Woman Journalist in 1987.

Chapter 7: Charting a New Course for Urban Public Health
-Carolyn Stephens
Senior Lecturer in Environment & Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
London, UK

Dr. Stephens researches the links between environment and inequalities in health, particularly the ways in which development processes enhance or endanger people's health. She has been a visiting professor at the Universidad Nacional de Tucuman in Argentina, and the Universidad Federal de Paraná in Brazil. Her interest in participatory ways of using epidemiology has led her to work with environmental justice and human rights lawyers and with farming communities, local urban groups and marginalized people in North and South. Her publications include “Inequalities in Environment, Health and Power - Reflections on Theory and Practice,” in Cedric Pugh, ed., Sustainable Cities in Developing Countries.

-Peter Stair
MCP Candidate, University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA, US

Currently studying city planning and public health at UC-Berkeley, Mr. Stair was previously a MAP Sustainable Energy Fellow at Worldwatch Institute. He co-authored "Cultivating Renewable Alternatives to Oil" in State of the World 2006, then co-authored a global report commissioned by the German BMELV (Ministry of Agriculture): Biofuels for Transportation: Global Potential and Implications for Sustainable Agriculture and Energy in the 21st Century.

Nairobi, Kenya: Life in Kibera
-Rasna Warah
Freelance Writer
Nairobi, Kenya

Ms. Warah co-authored and edited UN-HABITAT’s State of the World’s Cities 2006-07: The Millennium Goals and Urban Sustainability, and previously was editor of the journal Habitat Debate. She wrote her first column for the Boston Globe when she was a student at Suffolk University, and later contributed to the Sunday Standard’s Now magazine, the East African and the Daily Nation, where her column now appears weekly.

Petra, Jordan: Managing Tourism
-Dana Firas
Author on sustainable development
Washington, DC, US

For the last two years, HRH Princess Dana Firas served as the Executive Director of international programs at ResCare, a company that provides education, training and employment services to at-risk youth, disadvantaged populations and people with disabilities. Before that, she worked with Her Majesty Queen Noor on projects that promote sustainable development.  Princess Dana participated in establishing the King Hussein Foundation, served as a member of the steering committee of the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2000, organized the second meeting of the International Steering Committee on the Economic Advancement of Rural Women and worked as a consultant for the Global Equity Project.  She was educated in Amman before receiving her BA in International Relations and Economics from Boston University, an MSc in International Development from the London School of Economics and Political Science and an MPA in Public Policy and Development from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Chapter 8: Strengthening Local Economies
-Mark Roseland
Director, Centre for Sustainable Community Development
and Professor, Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Roseland's publications include Toward Sustainable Communities: Resources for Citizens and Their Governments  (New Society Publishers, 2005). He was the North American Editor of the international journal Local Environment, published in association with the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, from 1995 until 2002. Dr. Roseland advises communities and governments on sustainable development policy and planning. He has been cited by the Vancouver Sun as one of British Columbia's "top 50 living public intellectuals."

-Lena Soots, Researcher, Centre for Sustainable Community Development, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Chapter 9: Fighting Poverty and Environmental Injustice in Cities
-Janice Perlman
Guggenheim Recipient and Founder and President of the MegaCities Project
Upper Grandview, New York, US

A Visiting Scholar at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, Dr. Perlman is using a Guggenheim Award to finish a book on the favelas of Rio de Janeiro from 1969 to 2005. She has also been a Visiting Scholar at the World Bank. She is founder and president of the MegaCities Project, a nonprofit that shares urban innovations among municipal leaders to shorten the lag time between ideas and implementation. She was a tenured professor at the University of California Berkeley’s Department of City and Regional Planning until 1985, and has also taught at UC Santa Cruz, NYU, Hunter College, Trinity College, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, the Federal University of Minas Gerais, the Getulio Vargas Foundation and IBAM (The Brazilian Institute of Municipal Administration).  Her book, The Myth of Marginality: Urban Poverty and Politics in Rio de Janeiro, received the C. Wright Mills Award in 1976.

-Molly O’Meara Sheehan
Senior Researcher and Project Director, State of the World 2007
New York, New York, US

Ms. Sheehan, Project Director of State of the World 2007, has studied urban environmental issues for much of the last decade. Her writing includes “Uniting Dividing Cities,” in State of the World 2003, Reinventing Cities for People and the Planet, and articles in the International Herald Tribune, Washington Post, and other publications. She has presented her research in lectures, conferences, and policy discussions in many cities in the United States, as well as in France, Japan, Canada, and South Africa. In 2004 and 2005, while on leave from Worldwatch, she wrote investigative reports and op-eds on public schools for Eva Moskowitz, then Chair of the New York City Council Education Committee. She has an MS in Environmental Sciences from Johns Hopkins University, and a BA in Biology and Asian Studies from Williams College.

Brno, Czech Republic: Brownfield Redevelopment
-Eva Staúková
Architect, Vaúkovka Civic Association
Brno, Czech Republic