Matters of Scale - Richer and Poorer

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Number of billionaires (people with the net worth of a thousand millionaires) in the world in 1989
157
Number of billionaires just five years later, in 1994
358
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Number of the world's richest people whose collective wealth adds up to $762 billion
358
Number of the world's poorest people whose combined income adds up to $762 billion
24000000000
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Portion of global income going to the richest fifth of the population
83 percent
Portion of global income going to the poorest fifth
1 percent
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Number of billionaires in Mexico in 1988
2
Number now
24
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Combined income of the poorest 17 million Mexicans last year
6600000000
Wealth of the richest single Mexican
6600000000
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Ratio of income of the richest fifth to the poorest fifth of the U.S. population in 1970
4 to 1
The same ratio in 1993
13 to 1
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Combined total R&D expenditures of General Motors, Ford, Hitachi, Siemens, Matsushita, IBM, and Daimler-Benz Corporations in 1993
$31.8 billion
Military R&D expenditures of the United States in the same year
$43.5 billion
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GDP of Israel in 1992
$69.8 billion
Sales of Exxon in 1992
$103.5 billion
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GDP of Egypt in 1992
$33.6 billion
Sales of Philip Morris in 1992
$50.2 billion
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Sources: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, States of Disarray: The Social Effects of Globalization (London: UNRISD, 1995).