Matters of Scale - Global Inequities

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Percentage of world trade flowing to the richest fifth of the world's population
84.2
?Percentage flowing to the poorest fifth
0.9
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"It is ironic that some industrial countries are becoming more protectionist just as developing countries?are opening up their economic systems. In the coming decade, the crucial structural changes will have to take place in the North." -Human Development Report 1994
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Per Capita GNP in the industrial countries in 1991
14920
?In the developing world in 1991
880
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"The developed countries eat too much and don't pass the goodies around, which is lamentable because a lot of them came off the table of the undeveloped." -Richard F. Shepard in Earth Times
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Per-capita aid given by the United States to high-income developing countries
250
?To low-income developing countries
1
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"Those who have benefited most from aid have often been the elite in the urban areas and the richer peasants or landlords in the rural areas?.Aid is not focused on the priority areas of human development." -Human Development Report 1994
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Life expectancy in Sri Lanka, which had a per-capita GNP of $500 in 1991/92
71.2 years
?In Guinea, which had the same per-capita GNP as Sri Lanka
43.9 years
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"The use that national make of their wealth, not the wealth itself, is decisive." -Human Development Report
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Ratio of average income, richest fifth of the world's population to poorest fifth, in 1960
30 to 1
?In 1991
61 to 1
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Sources: United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 1994 (New York: UNDP, 1994); Earth Times; Worldwatch Institute. Compiled by Ed Ayres