Matters of Scale - Intakes and Outcomes

Matters of Scale Image

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China per-capita beef consumption, kilograms, 2002
4.6
U.S. per-capita beef consumption, kilograms, 2002
43.2
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Percent of Chinese men who smoked in 2003
59
Percent of U.S. men who smoked in 2003
28
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Number of cigarettes smoked in China, 2004
1.77 trillion
Number of cigarettes smoked in the United States, 2004
379 billion
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Estimated annual per-capita consumption of sugar, kilograms, China
8.8
Estimated annual per-capita consumption of sugar, kilograms, United States
30.4
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China deaths from heart disease per 100,000 population, 2002
543
U.S. deaths from heart disease per 100,000 population, 2002
1,768
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China deaths from stroke per 100,000 population, 2002
1,276
U.S. deaths from stroke per 100,000 population, 2002
563
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China age-adjusted deaths from lung cancer per 100,000 males, 2002
37
U.S. age-adjusted deaths from lung cancer per 100,000 males, 2002
49
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Percent of Chinese adults (?20 years) with diabetes
2.4
Percent of American adults with diabetes
8.8
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Percent of Chinese adults who are obese
<5
Percent of U.S. adults who are obese
31
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China per-capita spending on health care (purchasing power parity basis), 1997
US$143
U.S. per-capita spending on health care (PPP basis), 1997
US$3,983
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China life expectancy at birth, years
71.96
U.S. life expectancy at birth, years
77.43
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Sources: Beef consumption: UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); men smokers: World Health Organization (WHO); cigarettes smoked: estimated from data in Worldwatch Institute, Vital Signs 2005; sugar consumption: calculated with data from U. of North Dakota Center for Agricultural Policy and Trade Studies, FAO, CIA World Factbook; heart disease, stroke, and diabetes data: WHO; lung cancer deaths: International Agency for Research on Cancer; obesity: WHO and U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; health-care spending: U. of Santa Cruz Center for Global, International, and Regional Studies; life expectancies: CIA World Factbook.